Topaz is a silicate mineral and has a hardness of 8 on the Mohs Scale of Mineral Hardness making topaz one of the hardest natural minerals and also the hardest of any silicate mineral.
There are several different variations of Topaz and it can often be confused with Citrine. This is because in its natural state, Topaz is a golden brown to yellow, a trait also common in Citrine’s.
Topaz, prized since the ancient times, can come in a range of colours; pale grey, pale green, orange, red, reddish-orange, blue, and pink. The latter, pink Topaz is often considered to be fairly rare and is known as imperial topaz. Yellow topaz is known as Imperial Topaz, while orange Topaz is known as Precious Topaz.
Blue Topaz, pictured above, is the state gemstone for Texas, U.S.A and orange topaz is the state gemstone for Utah, U.S.A
Topaz, shared with Citrine, is the birthstone for the month of November. It is also is, along with diamond, the birthstone for the birth day of Sunday, and the birthstone for the Zodiac sign of Sagittarius.
Topaz is known as a stone of love and good fortune. It strengthens a Sagittarius, brings prosperity, success and enhances their positive and optimistic personality and believed to balance emotions and thoughts for a peaceful lifestyle.
Blue Topaz is the representative gemstone for the 4th wedding anniversary and the state gemstone of the US state of Texas and Imperial Topaz (Orange Topaz), the symbol of friendship, is the gemstone for the 23rd wedding anniversary and the state gemstone of the US state of Utah.
Topaz, the stone for Jupiter, the ruling planet of the zodiac, is thought to help promote truth and forgiveness, while also symbolizing love and affection, dedication, resilience, generosity, and good health. It is also thought to increase spirituality and encourage wisdom.