Sapphire is precious gemstone, and is one of the two gem-varieties of corundum, the other being ruby. It is also considered to be one of the ‘big four’ precious stones, with the others being diamonds, emeralds, and rubies.

Sapphires are precious gemstones and are one of the two gem-varieties of corundum, the other being ruby. They are also considered to be one of the ‘big four’ precious stones, with the others being diamonds, emeralds, and rubies.

Sapphires are typically blue, however, natural “fancy” sapphires can also come in yellow, purple, black, pink, orange, and green. In general, any corundum that is not red will be labelled a sapphire. Although, pink coloured corundum may be either classified as ruby or sapphire depending on locale.

Sapphires stretch across the world and most commonly found in Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Thailand, Australia, Nepal, Pakistan and Kashmir, as well as Montana. Every sapphire mine produces a different range of quality and while origin is not a guarantee of quality, Kashmir generally produces the highest valued sapphires. However, Burma, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), and Madagascar are also known for producing large quantities of top-quality sapphires.

Sapphires are one of the hardest gemstones known to man. It is given a 9 on the Mohs’ scale of mineral hardness and the only other gemstone harder than sapphires are diamonds. Moissanite also precedes sapphire with respect to hardness, however, Moissanite is not considered a gemstone.

A special sub-category of a Sapphire exists, called a “Star Sapphire”. A Star Sapphire is a type of Sapphire that exhibits a star-like concentration of reflected or refracted light within a cabochon cut ruby. These star sapphires, depending on the authenticity and prominence of the star, can be very rare and have high value.

Another rare sub-category of a Sapphire exists, known as ‘color-change’ sapphires. Colour change sapphires exhibit different colours in different light. Color change sapphires are blue in outdoor light and purple under incandescent indoor light, or green to grey-green in daylight and pink to reddish-violet in incandescent light. Like star sapphires, colour-change sapphires are also very rare and depending on its authenticity, can fetch a high value.

The famous blue gemstone is the birthstone of the month September, the zodiac sign of Taurus, the season of Autumn (Fall), and birth day of Thursday. Sapphires are also gem of the 5th, 45th, 65th (U.K), and 75th (U.S) anniversary.

Sapphires are noted to posses many different helpful qualities and symbolisms. They are believed to provide mental healing and protection to the Taurus, in addition to helping romance lovers, providing faith and purity, and protection from harm for those who wear the beautiful precious stone.

Since the Middle Ages many people have believed sapphires posses both medical and spiritual and healing qualities. They also are thought to be a symbol of patience, reliance, persistence, and determination.

Sapphires are the second hardest precious gemstone and because of this they can symbolise a persons immense strength and strong energy.