Emeralds are one of the ‘big four’ precious gemstones, along with diamonds, sapphires, and rubies and the most precious stone in the Beryl group. They are also one of the traditional cardinal gems
Emeralds are precious gemstones and the most precious stone in the Beryl group. They are considered one of the ‘big four’ gemstones along with diamonds, sapphires, and rubies. They are also one of the traditional cardinal gems. The name Emerald comes from the old French word ‘esmeralde’, which was derived from the Greek word ‘smaragdos’ meaning ‘green stone’
Emeralds are notorious for their flaws and almost all have inclusions and blemishes that can be seen with the unaided eye. These inclusions are knows as ‘jardin’, a French term for Garden. Flawless stones are extremely rare and highly valued. However, some actually prefer Emeralds with flaws as opposed to flawless emeralds, as this proves authenticity.
Emeralds have a hardness of 7.5–8 on the Mohs scale making them one of the softest gemstones known to man.
The most important factor in determining the value of an emerald is its colour. However, cut, clarity, and carat weight also play apart in valuing the gemstone. Emeralds are highly appraised for their deep bright green colour and one-of-a-kind beauty. Their green is incomparable which is why the term “emerald green” is used. Ranging in colour from Bluish Green to Greenish-Blue with a clear depth and saturation of colour that is rarely seen in other gems. Emerald deposits can be found throughout the world, however, deposits in Colombia often produce some of the finest and highest valued emeralds. Colombian emeralds are noted for their deep green colour.
The Emerald is the stone of the goddess Venus, resulting in the association of emeralds with romance. Cleopatra was known to have a passion for emerald, and used it in her royal adornments.
Emerald are the traditional birthstone for May and the zodiac sign of Cancer. Additionally, they are also the birthstone for the season Spring, and birth days of Friday and Tuesday, with the latter being shared with ruby. Emeralds are also the gemstone for the 20th and 35th Wedding Anniversary.
Emeralds symbolise youth, rebirth, growth, good fortune, and intelligence. They are also the gems of royalty, romance, and are said to bring passion, bliss, and unconditional love. The Emerald is the stone of the goddess Venus, resulting in the association of emeralds with romance.
In the Ancient World, emeralds were associated with Mercury the Roman messenger and traveller and used as a talisman of protection for all travellers. It was also believed that Emeralds acted as a type of truth potion, helping decipher whether the lover’s vows were true or false. Cleopatra was known to have a passion for emerald, and used it in her royal adornments.